This book critically examines the relationship between protecting human rights and building peace in post-violence societies. It focuses on four post-violence societies, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Northern Ireland and South Africa. The book explores the conditions that must be present, and strategies that should be adopted, for human rights to help build peace. The author argues that human rights can aid peacebuilding efforts by helping victims of past violence to articulate their grievance, and by encouraging the state to respond to and provide them with a meaningful remedy. This usually happens either through a process of adjudication, whereby human rights can offer guidance to the judiciary as to the best way to address such grievances, or through the passing and implementation of human rights laws and policies that seek to promote peace. However, this positive relationship between human rights and peace is both qualified and context specific. Through an interdisciplinary and comparative analysis of the four case studies, the book identifies the conditions that can support the effective use of human rights as peacebuilding tools. Developing these, the book recommends a series of strategies that peacebuilders should adopt and rely on.